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A Review of Substance Use Disorder Treatment in Developing World Communities

Authors:

Jasleen Salwan ,

Department of Medical Education Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
About Jasleen
MD-MPH Candidate
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Craig L. Katz

Department of Medical Education Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
About Craig L.
MD
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Abstract

Background

As global health endeavors increasingly encompass efforts to prevent and treat mental illness in the developing world, it is important to build a base of knowledge of existing treatment models and experimental outcomes.

Objective

This article reviews the current literature on substance use disorder treatment in countries with a high, medium, or low Human Development Index according to the 2011 United Nations Development Programme Report.

Methods

We searched the databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and Global Health using search terms such as substance abuse treatment developing countries, addiction developing nations, and alcohol abuse developing countries. Opinion pieces and articles published before 1994 were excluded. Thirty relevant articles (excluding those reviewed for background information) were identified.

Findings

Comprehensive overviews of treatment models were markedly absent from the current literature. However, existing research highlights specific areas of need, which may serve as a guide for future research and program development.

Conclusions

In light of the evident need for treatment of substance use disorder in developing countries, future research would do well to blend inquiry with practice. Although further investigation is needed to fully understand the specific needs of developing world populations, assisting those populations should be a primary goal.

How to Cite: Salwan, J. and Katz, C.L., 2014. A Review of Substance Use Disorder Treatment in Developing World Communities. Annals of Global Health, 80(2), pp.115–121. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2014.04.010
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Published on 26 Jun 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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