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Transmission of Ebola Virus Disease: An Overview

Authors:

Suresh Rewar ,

Department of Pharmaceutics, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jaipur
About Suresh
MPharm
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Dashrath Mirdha

Dr. Sarvepali Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
About Dashrath
BAMS
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Abstract

Ebola is a viral illness of which the initial symptoms can include a sudden fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and a sore throat, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Airborne transmission of Ebola virus has been hypothesized but not demonstrated in humans. Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. The disease infects humans through close contact with infected animals, including chimpanzees, fruit bats, and forest antelope. Ebola virus can be transmitted by direct contact with blood, bodily fluids, or skin of patients with or who died of Ebola virus disease. As of late October 2014, the World Health Organization reported 13,567 suspected cases and 4922 deaths, although the agency believes that this substantially understates the magnitude of the outbreak. Experimental vaccines and treatments for Ebola are under development, but they have not yet been fully tested for safety or effectiveness.

How to Cite: Rewar, S. and Mirdha, D., 2015. Transmission of Ebola Virus Disease: An Overview. Annals of Global Health, 80(6), pp.444–451. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2015.02.005
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Published on 08 May 2015.
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