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Original Research

Effects of Occupational Health and Safety on Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors of Workers Employed in a Private Company in Turkey

Authors:

Nilgun Ulutasdemir ,

Zirve University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Gaziantep, Turkey
About Nilgun
PhD
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Meryem Kilic,

Kilis 7 Aralık University Vocational School of Health Services, Department of First and Emergency Aid, Kilis, Turkey
About Meryem
MSc
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Özge Zeki,

Zirve University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Gaziantep, Turkey
About Özge
MSc
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Fatma Begendi

Gaziantep University Hospital of Medical Faculty, Department of Eye Diseases, Gaziantep, Turkey
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Abstract

Background

It has been suggested that inappropriate working conditions and unsafe environments at construction sites, longer working hours, and inadequate workplaces adversely affect the health behaviors of workers.

Objective

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of occupational health and safety (OHS) practices on healthy lifestyle behaviors of workers employed at a construction site of a private company in Gaziantep, Turkey.

Methods

The sampling size of this descriptive study consisted of 400 employees working at the construction site between December 2014 and January 2015. In all, 341 employees still working or participating in the study during the period of this questionnaire study were included in the sampling. Data from the survey were derived from responses to questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, OHS applications, health state, and working conditions, as well as to the questions in on the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale (HLBS), under direct surveillance.

Findings

Male workers with a mean age of 30.61 ± 8.68 years constituted the study population. Of the workers, 41.9% had a primary school education. The majority received professional and OHS training (65.7% and 79.2%, respectively). Although 83.9% reported using personal protective equipment (PPE), only 2.1% said they had experienced an occupational accident. Total mean score of HLBS scale was 116.91 ± 25.62 points. Workers who had positive thoughts about their jobs demonstrated healthy lifestyle behaviors (P = .0001). A positive direct correlation was detected between the training the workers received and the use of PPE (P = .0001). In all, 38.1% of the workers reported experiencing work stress at the time of the study. Mean HLBS scores of those experiencing work stress were lower than the scores for workers not experiencing stress (P < .05).

Conclusion

Receiving OHS and professional training and using of PPE favorably affect healthy lifestyle behaviors.

How to Cite: Ulutasdemir, N., Kilic, M., Zeki, Ö. and Begendi, F., 2015. Effects of Occupational Health and Safety on Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors of Workers Employed in a Private Company in Turkey. Annals of Global Health, 81(4), pp.503–511. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2015.08.018
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Published on 17 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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