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A Review of Medication Use as an Indicator of Human Health Impact in Environmentally Stressed Areas

Authors:

Samantha A. Hollingworth ,

School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia
About Samantha A.
PhD
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Diane Dabok Kim,

School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia
About Diane Dabok
MPH
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Paul Jagals

School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia
About Paul
PhD
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Abstract

We reviewed from literature the feasibility of medication use as an indicator of health outcomes in environmentally stressed areas, especially where a paucity of typical epidemiological and other risk-based data are encountered. The majority of studies reported were about medication use as an indicator of adverse respiratory effects from air pollution in developed countries. Studies to a lesser extent pointed to medication use as indicator of health outcomes associated with other environmental health stressors such as water, noise pollution, and habitat conditions. The relationship between environmental stressors and medication use strongly suggests that medication use could be used to measure the impact of environmental stressors that otherwise could not be measured by epidemiological or other impact assessment studies, typically in settings where morbidity and mortality data might not be not accessible.
How to Cite: Hollingworth, S.A., Kim, D.D. and Jagals, P., 2016. A Review of Medication Use as an Indicator of Human Health Impact in Environmentally Stressed Areas. Annals of Global Health, 82(1), pp.111–118. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.01.010
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Published on 17 Jun 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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