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Original Research

Active Case Finding of Tuberculosis: Randomized Evaluation of Simple and Infotainment Chest Camps

Authors:

Muhammad Amir Khan ,

Association for Social Development, Islamabad, Pakistan
About Muhammad Amir
MBBS, MPH, DHA, PhD
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Shirin Anil,

Association for Social Development, Islamabad, Pakistan
About Shirin
MBBS, MSc
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Maqsood Ahmed,

Association for Social Development, Islamabad, Pakistan
About Maqsood
MBBS, MPhil
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Ali Athar,

Association for Social Development, Islamabad, Pakistan
About Ali
MBBS
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Abdul Ghafoor,

KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan
About Abdul
MBBS, MPH
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Miranda Brouwer

PHTB Consult, Tilburg, Netherlands
About Miranda
MD, PhD
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Abstract

Background

In Pakistan, many tuberculosis (TB) cases are not reported to the national surveillance system. An active case finding strategy in the form of conventional (simple) or innovative (infotainment) chest camps can contribute to diagnosing these missed cases.

Objective

To compare the yield in terms of TB patients detected at a simple chest camp (SCC) versus an infotainment chest camp (ICC) in rural areas.

Methods

A cluster randomized controlled trial with 2 parallel arms was conducted in 4 districts of Pakistan from June 2012 to May 2013. Rural neighborhoods (n = 318) were randomly allocated in a ratio of 1:3 to receive either SCC or ICC. Incidence of TB (all forms and sputum smear positive [SS+]) and number needed to screen (NNS) to diagnose 1 TB case were calculated. Cluster analysis was done according to intention to treat and risk ratio (RR), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.

Findings

A total of 3086 participants were tested at the SCC and 9029 at the ICC, of whom 38.5% were female. Mean age was 37.4 ± 15.9 years. Incidences of previously undiagnosed TB (all forms) for SCC and ICC were 23.6 (95% CI 20.04-27.4) and 22.1 (95% CI 20.3-24.1) per 100,000 population (P = .42), SS+ TB 22.5 (95% CI 19.3-26.1) and 21.6 (95% CI 19.8-23.6) (P = .67), respectively. NNS to diagnose 1 TB case were 260 (95% CI 234.3-289.6) and 258 (95% CI 233.3-287.9) for SCC and ICC, respectively (P = .9). RRs for all forms of TB and SS+ TB in SCC compared to ICC were 0.94 (95% CI 0.73-1.19) and 0.95 (95% CI 0.74-1.22) and P values were .58 and .71, respectively.

Conclusions

Both types of chest camps are equally effective in active case finding of previously undiagnosed TB cases in rural areas in 2 provinces in Pakistan.

How to Cite: Khan, M.A., Anil, S., Ahmed, M., Athar, A., Ghafoor, A. and Brouwer, M., 2017. Active Case Finding of Tuberculosis: Randomized Evaluation of Simple and Infotainment Chest Camps. Annals of Global Health, 82(5), pp.813–818. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.07.001
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Published on 08 Mar 2017.
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