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Original Research

Lymphatic Filariasis in Southwestern Nigerian Rural Communities: A Cross-sectional Survey of the Knowledge, Awareness, and Predisposing Factors

Authors:

Bolatito Oluwabiyi ,

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria
About Bolatito
MSc
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Oyetunde T. Oyeyemi,

Department of Basic Sciences (Biology Programme), Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
About Oyetunde T.
PhD
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Adetayo Olorunlana,

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria
About Adetayo
MSc
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Nofisat Omiyeniyi,

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria
About Nofisat
OND
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Ayomide Koleosho

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria
About Ayomide
OND
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Abstract

Background

Nigeria is the second most endemic country in the world for lymphatic filariasis, with control efforts often hampered by poor community awareness and involvement in intervention strategies.

Objective

The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, perception, and psychosocial aspects of some residents in Nigerian rural communities about lymphatic filariasis in order to develop disease control and intervention strategies with active community involvement.

Methods

A standardized questionnaire was adapted and a scale of measurement was developed. The methodology was quantitative and the study design was cross-sectional. A sample of 203 respondents was selected using a precision of 0.06.

Findings

A majority (51.2%) had heard of elephantiasis but very few (9.3%) had accurate knowledge of the causes of the disease. Most people (53.2%) had no sources of information about elephantiasis, and of the few individuals that claimed availability of sources of information, information about the mode of transmission of the disease (10.0%) was the most common. Very few individuals (7.9%) believed mosquitoes were associated with elephantiasis, with 16.7% having a history of elephantiasis. The proportion of respondents who did not use mosquito netting (61.1%) was significantly higher than those who did use it (33.0%) (P < .05). An appreciable proportion (26.1%) of individuals believed elephantiasis to be an abominable disease, with 5.9% individuals believing that people treat the victims of elephantiasis with disrespect.

Conclusions

The study areas are at high risk of lymphatic filariasis. There is a need to create a knowledge-based awareness among the residents for effective management of the disease.

How to Cite: Oluwabiyi, B., Oyeyemi, O.T., Olorunlana, A., Omiyeniyi, N. and Koleosho, A., 2017. Lymphatic Filariasis in Southwestern Nigerian Rural Communities: A Cross-sectional Survey of the Knowledge, Awareness, and Predisposing Factors. Annals of Global Health, 82(5), pp.806–812. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.07.003
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Published on 08 Mar 2017.
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