Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Se...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Senegal

Authors:

Simona Frigerio ,

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata,” Rome, Italy
About Simona
RN, MSN, PhD candidate
X close

Fabrizio Bert,

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
About Fabrizio
MD
X close

Marco Clari,

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata,” Rome, Italy
About Marco
RN, MSN, PhD student
X close

Giovanni Di Fine,

ASL TO4, Chivasso, Torino
About Giovanni
RN, MSN
X close

Susanna Riva,

ASL TO4, Chivasso, Torino
About Susanna
MSC
X close

Ilaria Bergese,

Department of Pediatric Emergency, Città della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, Italy
About Ilaria
RN, MSN
X close

Samba Gueye Diouf,

École Primaire, Kassack North, Senegal
About Samba
MSC
X close

Rosaria Alvaro,

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata,” Rome, Italy
About Rosaria
RN, MSN
X close

Ersilia Buonomo

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata,” Rome, Italy
About Ersilia
MD
X close

Abstract

Background

Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in Senegal. The early symptoms are hematuria and dysuria. Children's comprehension of the disease is fundamental to preventing the infection.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge attitudes, and practices related to schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in 2 rural villages in Northern Senegal and to evaluate their impact on the disease.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data about children's knowledge of schistosomiasis, behavior, and preventive measures were collected through a questionnaire.

Findings

Questionnaire responses from 575 schoolchildren were analyzed. Correct answers about risky behavior for schistosomiasis were associated with early symptoms (P = 0.010). Wearing shoes and washing hands with soap were associated with not having hematuria and dysuria (P = 0.007 and 0.049, respectively). Playing in rivers was associated with the aforementioned symptoms (P < 0.001). Children who had good knowledge of schistosomiasis reportedly did not have symptoms (P = 0.002). A logistic regression model showed that female sex (odds ratio = 0.35; P = 0.01) and attending a primary school (odds ratio = 0.13; P < 0.001) were significant predictors of a lower risk of the early symptoms of urinary schistosomiasis.

Conclusions

This study revealed that the level of knowledge among children in North Senegal about the causes, transmission, prevention, and treatment of schistosomiasis warrants implementing educational intervention.

How to Cite: Frigerio, S., Bert, F., Clari, M., Di Fine, G., Riva, S., Bergese, I., Gueye Diouf, S., Alvaro, R. and Buonomo, E., 2017. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Schistosomiasis Among Children in Northern Senegal. Annals of Global Health, 82(5), pp.840–847. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.10.002
14
Views
4
Downloads
Published on 08 Mar 2017.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus