Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Mass Gatherings and Public Health: Case Studies from the Hajj to Mecca

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research

Mass Gatherings and Public Health: Case Studies from the Hajj to Mecca

Authors:

Juma Rahman ,

Department of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
About Juma
MBBS, MPH
X close

Min Thu,

World Health Organization, Country Office for Myanmar, Yangon, Myanmar
About Min
MBBS, MPH
X close

Neelam Arshad,

Water and Power Development Authority Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
About Neelam
MBBS, MPH
X close

Marc Van der Putten

Thammasat University, Faculty of Public Health, Rangsit Campus, Pathumthani, Thailand
About Marc Van
MPH, PhD
X close

Abstract

Background

Many new and challenging risks can be introduced during mass gatherings. The Hajj, as one of the largest mass gatherings, provides an excellent annual opportunity to reflect on the public health risk posed by international and multicultural crowds and the value of mitigation strategies.

Objectives

To identify the gap between preparation and training taken before being exposed to the mass gathering and postexposure experiences, and the breach between the expectations and reality of the holy place.

Methods

This was a qualitative study with in-depth interviews using semistructured questionnaires among Hajjis from 4 different countries (Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar, and New Zealand). Purposive sampling was done. The present study was also supported by literature review.

Findings

Findings pointed to weaknesses in implementation and enforcement of law, for both the custodian country and countries of origin of Hajjis. Disparities among developed and developing countries were also noticeable.

Conclusions

From a global health and human security perspective, strengthening of core capacities in managing mass gatherings as well as researching risks posed by such gatherings are paramount to safeguard the public’s health. Attention of health professionals worldwide and adoption of strategic planning at custodian country and sending countries are obligatory.

How to Cite: Rahman, J., Thu, M., Arshad, N. and der Putten, M.V., 2017. Mass Gatherings and Public Health: Case Studies from the Hajj to Mecca. Annals of Global Health, 83(2), pp.386–393. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.12.001
58
Views
54
Downloads
Published on 12 Jun 2017.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus