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Reading: International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study

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Original Research

International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study

Authors:

Gianmarco Troiano ,

Post Graduate School of Public Health University of Siena, Siena, Italy
About Gianmarco
MD
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Astrid Mercone,

Public Hygiene and Nutrition, USL Tuscany Southeast, Tuscany, Italy
About Astrid
MD
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Alessandra Bagnoli,

Public Hygiene and Nutrition, USL Tuscany Southeast, Tuscany, Italy
About Alessandra
MD
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Nicola Nante

Post Graduate School of Public Health University of Siena, Siena, Italy
About Nicola
MD, MSc
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Abstract

Background

Approximately the 8% of travelers requires medical care, with the diagnosis of a vaccine-preventable disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the socio-demographic, health and travel characteristics of the Italian international travelers.

Methods

We conducted a cross sectional study from January 2015 to June 2016, at the Travel Medicine Clinic of Siena, asking the doctor to interview patients who attended the Clinic, recording socio-demographic and travel information, malaria prophylaxis, vaccinations. The data were organized in a database and processed by software Stata®.

Results

We collected 419 questionnaires. Patients chose 71 countries for their travels; the favorite destinations were: India (6.31%), Thailand (6.31%), and Brazil (5.10%). The mean length of stay was 36.17 days. Italians, students, and freelancers tended to stay abroad for a longer time (mean: 36.4 days, 59.87 days and 64.16 days respectively). 33.17% of our sample used drugs for malaria chemoprophylaxis: 71.9% of them used Atovaquone/Proguanil (Malarone®), 26.6% used Mefloquine (Lariam®), 1.5% other drugs. The vaccinations that travelers mostly got in our study were to prevent hepatitis A (n = 264), the typhoid fever (n = 187), the Tetanus + Diphtheria + Pertussis (n = 165), the Yellow fever (n = 118) and the cholera (n = 78).

Twenty-eight (6.68%) refused some recommended vaccinations. The vaccines mostly refused were for Typhoid fever (n = 20), hepatitis a (n = 9), and cholera (n = 9).

Conclusion

Our results demonstrated that Italian international travelers are at-risk because of their poor vaccinations adherence. This implies that pre-travel counseling is fundamental to increase the knowledge of the risks and the compliance of future travelers.

How to Cite: Troiano, G., Mercone, A., Bagnoli, A. and Nante, N., 2017. International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study. Annals of Global Health, 83(2), pp.380–385. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.12.004
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Published on 22 Mar 2017.
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