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Original Research

Administration of Childhood Physical and Childhood Sexual Abuse Screens in Adolescents and Young Adults: a Literature Review

Authors:

Angela Diaz ,

Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
About Angela
MD, PhD
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Ken Peake

Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
About Ken
DSW, MSW
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Abstract

Background

Childhood physical and sexual abuse can have a negative impact on adolescents and young adults. Although effective interventions that can ameliorate both the short- and long-term negative impacts are available, many adolescent and young adult victims remain without help: They rarely self-identify as victims, and health care providers generally fail to inquire about a history of childhood abuse, especially in the absence of physical signs. The health care field lacks an understanding of effective methods for the identification of childhood abuse.

Objectives

To address this knowledge gap, this paper focuses on a systematic review of the literature for studies comparing modes of administration of measures to identify a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse in adolescents and young adults.

Methods

A systematic review of the literature published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2014 was conducted to identify studies that compared 2 or more modes of administration using the same measure to identify a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse in adolescent and young adult populations. Studies that compared 2 or more different measures for identifying abuse were not included in this review because the focus of the review was to isolate the effects of the mode of administration.

Findings

Only 1 study that met review criteria was found. It was conducted among female college students in a university setting. No studies were identified that compared modes of administration used to elicit disclosure of a history of childhood abuse among adolescents.

Conclusions

There remains an urgent need to conduct evaluations of methods to identify childhood physical and sexual abuse including the mode of administration of screens in young people. It is recommended that future studies include diverse populations and randomized and quasi-experimental approaches.

How to Cite: Diaz, A. & Peake, K., (2017). Administration of Childhood Physical and Childhood Sexual Abuse Screens in Adolescents and Young Adults: a Literature Review . Annals of Global Health . 83 ( 5-6 ) , pp . 718–725 . DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2017.10.016
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Published on 23 Nov 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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