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Reading: “It Has Changed”: Understanding Change in a Parenting Program in South Africa

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Original Research

“It Has Changed”: Understanding Change in a Parenting Program in South Africa

Authors:

Jenny Doubt ,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, GB
About Jenny
PhD
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Rachel Bray,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, GB
About Rachel
PhD
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Heidi Loening-Voysey,

UNICEF Office of Research—Innocenti, Florence, Italy
About Heidi
MM
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Lucie Cluver,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
About Lucie
PhD
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Jasmina Byrne,

UNICEF Office of Research—Innocenti, Florence, Italy, IT
About Jasmina
MA
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Divane Nzima,

Department of Sociology & Anthropology, Fort Hare University, Alice, South Africa, ZA
About Divane
PhD
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Barnaby King,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, GB
About Barnaby
BA
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Yulia Shenderovich,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, GB
About Yulia
MPhil
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Janina Steinert,

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, GB
About Janina
MSc
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Sally Medley

Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, GB
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MA
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Abstract

Background

Poor parenting that leads to child maltreatment during adolescence presents a major public health burden. Research from high-income countries indicates that evidence-based parenting program interventions can reduce child maltreatment. Much less is known, however, about how beneficiaries of these programs experience this process of change. Understanding the process that brings about change in child maltreatment practices is essential to understanding intervention mechanisms of change. This is particularly important given the current scale-up of parenting programs across low- and middle-income countries.

Objectives

This study aimed to provide insight into how caregivers and adolescents attending a parenting program in South Africa perceived changes associated with abuse reduction.

Methods

Semi-structured interviews were conducted with caregivers and adolescents (n = 42) after the intervention, as well as observations of sessions (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 240 people). Participants were adolescents between the ages of 10-18 and their primary caregiver residing in peri-urban and rural program clusters in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Data were coded in Atlas.ti, and thematic content analysis was conducted.

Findings

Based on participant perceptions, the Sinovuyo Teen parenting program workshops catalyzed change into practice by creating an environment that was conducive to learning alternatives. It did so through prioritizing a process of mutual respect, openness, and being valued by others, giving legitimacy to a respectful reciprocity and new ways of spending time together that enabled caregivers and teenagers to shift and normalize more positive behaviors. This in turn led to reductions in physical and verbal abuse.

Conclusions

This study's findings may be of use to policymakers and practitioners who need to understand how parenting programs support parents and teenagers in increasing positive parenting approaches and changing potentially harmful practices. It additionally highlights the importance of assessing the experiences of both parents and teenagers attending such programs.

How to Cite: Doubt, J. et al. , (2017). “It Has Changed”: Understanding Change in a Parenting Program in South Africa . Annals of Global Health . 83 ( 5-6 ) , pp . 767–776 . DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2017.10.021
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Published on 27 Nov 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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