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Original Research

China's Efforts on Management, Surveillance, and Research of Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Scorecard Project

Authors:

Xiao-Lei Zhu ,

Office of NCD Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, CN
About Xiao-Lei
MD
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Jie-Si Luo,

Office of NCD Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, CN
About Jie-Si
MD
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Xiao-Chang Zhang,

Office of NCD Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, CN
About Xiao-Chang
MD
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Yi Zhai,

Office of NCD Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, CN
About Yi
PhD
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Jing Wu

Office of NCD Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, CN
About Jing
PhD
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Abstract

Background

The incidence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is rising dramatically throughout the world. Aspects of researches concerned with the improvement and development of prevention and control of NCDs have been conducted. Furthermore, the influence of most determinants of the major NCDs has showed that a broad and deep response involving stakeholders in different sectors is required in the prevention and control of NCDs.

Objective

China has experienced an increase in NCDs in a short period compared with many countries. To address the burden of NCDs in China, it is important to learn about the progress that has been made in prevention and control of NCDs in China and worldwide, informed by opinions of stakeholders in different areas.

Methods

In 2014, GRAND South developed the NCD Scorecard instrument to evaluate progress of NCD prevention and control in 23 countries through a 2-round Delphi process. The scorecard included 51 indicators in 4 domains: governance, surveillance and research, prevention and risk factors, and health system response. Stakeholders were then selected in the areas of government, nongovernmental organizations, private sectors, and academia to join the NCD Scorecard survey. Indicators of progress were scored by stakeholders from 0 (no activity), 1 (present but not adequate), and 2 (adequate) to 3 (highly adequate) and then the percentage of progress in each domain was calculated, representing the current situation in each country.

Findings

There were 14 indicators in the domains of governance and surveillance and research. Of 429 stakeholders worldwide, 41 in China participated in the survey. China scored in the top 5 out of all participating countries in those 2 domains, scoring 67% in governance and 64% in surveillance and research. Indicators on which China scored particularly well included having a well-resourced unit or department responsible for NCDs, having a strong national system for recording the cause of all deaths, and having a system of NCD surveillance. Areas where China had the greatest need for improvement included increasing taxes on tobacco and addressing the needs of the population older than age 70 dying from major NCDs.

Conclusion

In China the burden of disease of NCDs and disabilities remains serious, although China has put significant efforts into its governance and surveillance and research. To improve, further action is needed on reducing tobacco consumption, increasing investment in the national health budget, and increasing the focus on system construction.
How to Cite: Zhu, X.-L. et al. , (2017). China's Efforts on Management, Surveillance, and Research of Noncommunicable Diseases: NCD Scorecard Project . Annals of Global Health . 83 ( 3-4 ) , pp . 489–500 . DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2017.10.025
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Published on 27 Nov 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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